Former Advisory Board members
Members of the Project Advisory Board have changed over the years. Some
Project documents include references to the following people who were Advisors
when the documents were produced.
Staff physician (active) Department of Medicine, St. Vincent
Hospital, Indianapolis, Indiana; consultant in Endocrinology/Internal Medicine.
Tenure: December, 1999 - August, 2018
Dr. Athar, a U.S. citizen, was born at Patna, India. He did
his medical training in Karachi, (Pakistan), Chicago, (Illinois), and at
Indiana University. From 1975 to 2006 he was he was Clinical Assistant
Professor of Medicine and then Clinical Associate Professor of Internal
Medicine and Endocrinology, Indiana University School of Medicine.
He was a member and former a regent and former elected vice-president of
the Islamic Medical Association of North America, and was Chair of its
Medical Ethics Committee. Among other associations, he was a member of
the Islamic Society of North America and Christians and Muslims for Peace
(CAMP). He was on the Board of Advisors of the
International Association for
Dr. Athar's most recent awards included the Indianapolis Medical Society's Gov. Otis Bowen Community Service
Award for Physicians (2002), the Laureate Award(2007), from the American
College of Physicians, Indiana Chapter, and
the St.Vincent Hospital Distinguished Services Award (2008) and Distinguished
Physician Award (2009). Dr. Athar died in August, 2018.
Former Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, McMaster
University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Tenure: January, 2000 - August, 2010
Professor Ajzenstat taught public law, and political philosophy in the
Department of Political Science at McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario before
retiring in 2001. Her most recent publication is a new edition of Documents
on the Confederation of British North America (McGill-Queen's
University Press, 2009). A classic of Canadian history compiled in 1969 by G.P.
Browne, it describes the process by which Sir John A. Macdonald and the Fathers
of Confederation drafted the Canadian Constitution. This edition retains
Browne's original Introduction with its lucid exposition of events from 1858 to
1867; a new Introduction by Janet Ajzenstat draws attention to the debt British
North Americans owe to the political tradition of British liberal
In 2009, Ajzenstat's The Canadian Founding, John Locke and Parliament
(McGill-Queen's University Press, 2007) won the Osgoode Society's John T.
Saywell Prize for the best book on Canadian legal and constitutional history in
2007 and 2008. Other recent publications discuss issues of federalism and the
reform of the Canadian Senate. Her blog, The Idea File (with word press) has a
modest following. In 2002 she received the Queen's Golden Jubilee Medal. [Blog: The Idea File]
Prof. Iain Benson, Ph.D
(Witwatersrand.), JD (Windsor), MA (Cambridge), BA
Professor of Law, University of Notre Dame
Australia, Sydney (2016, ongoing)
Professor of Law, University of the Free State,
Bloemfontein South Africa (2009, ongoing)
Tenure: February, 2018- September, 2022
Born in Edinburgh, Scotland, the father of seven
children, Professor Benson is an academic, lecturer and
practising lawyer specialising in pluralism and human
rights. His particular focus is on freedoms of
association, conscience and religion, the nature of
pluralism, multi-culturalism and relationships between
law, religion and culture. He has been involved in many
of the leading cases on rights of association,
conscience and religion in Canada and abroad for two
decades. As a barrister he has appeared before all
levels of court and his work has been cited by the
Supreme Court of Canada and the Constitutional Court of
He was one of the drafters of the South African
Charter of Religious Rights and Freedoms (signed by all
major religions in that country in September 2010) and
remains closely involved in advancing the Charter in
that country and similar projects elsewhere. Special
Rapporteur on Law and Religion in Canada and South
Africa to the Pontifical Academy of the Social Sciences,
Vatican City ( May, 2011, pub'd in Acad. Proceedings,
Author of over 40 academic articles and book
chapters, he is co-editor with Barry W. Bussey, of
Religion Liberty and the Jurisdictional Limits of Law
(Toronto: Lexis Nexis, 2017) and authored Living
Together with Disagreement: Pluralism, the Secular and
the Fair Treatment of Beliefs by Law (Ballan
Australia: Connor Court, 2012). His scholarly work is
referred to in many books and articles.
He teaches Legal Philosophy, Legal History, Public
International Law, Human Rights and Contemporary Legal
Issues. He works in English and French, dividing his time
between Australia (where he now lives) and France, South
Africa and Canada (in the latter two of which he has
Former Director, Southern Cross Bioethics Institute,
Tenure: November, 1999 - March, 2010
Dr. John Irving Fleming, a bioethicist, was from 1987 to 2004 the director of
the Southern Cross Bioethics Institute in Adelaide, South Australia, and from
2004 to 2009 President of Campion College Australia, which opened in 2006.
He continues a contractual relationship with the Southern Cross Bioethics
Dr. Fleming is former Dean and Vice-Master and St. Mark's College in the
University of Adelaide. His PhD thesis was titled Human Rights and Natural
Law: An Analysis of the consensus gentium and its Implications for Bioethics.
Dr. Fleming is a former Anglican priest. Married, with three children, a
papal dispensation permitted his ordination in the Catholic Church (Diocese of
Adelaide) in 1995. He became a Corresponding Member of the Pontifical
Academy for Life (Vatican) the following year.
From 1995-2004 Dr. Fleming was a member of the Advisory Board for the Centre for
International and Cross-Cultural Studies, University of South Australia.
He was an elected delegate to the Australian Constitutional Convention in
February, 1998. He was also a member of the Aged Care Compliance and
Accreditation Forum (Federal Government) from 200-2002 and Chair of the Working
Group to develop a Code of Ethics and Guide to Ethical Conduct for the Aged Care
Sector from 2000-2003.
Dr. Fleming was a member of UNIESCO's International Bioethics Committee from
1993-1996. He was also a member of the South Australian Council on
Reproductive Technology from 1998-2004, and a deputy member of the Medical
Practitioners Professional Conduct Tribunal under Section 24 of the Medical
Practitioners Act 1983 from 2000-2004.
Director, Prof. dr. G.A. Lindeboom Institute,
Tenure: - April, 2000- March, 2010
Professor Henk Jochemsen (1952) studied Molecular Biology at the Agricultural
University in Wageningen. The work for his PhD thesis concerned a subject
in pre-clinical cancer research at the State University in Leiden (1979).
From 1980-1986 he and his family pioneered in student work in Paraguay with the
International Fellowship of Evangelical Students. In addition to the
student work, Professor Jochemsen lectured in Molecular Biology at The
National University in Asuncion for five years, and Christian Ethics at a Bible
College in Asuncion for two years.
After his return to the Netherlands (1986) he became involved in the Prof. dr.
G.A. Lindeboom Institute, a private centre for medical ethics that was being
founded at that time. He was director of that Institute from 1987 to 2009.
In that capacity he wrote and co-edited articles, reports and books, mainly in
Dutch. he has been a guest teacher of medical ethics at a theological
college for several years and has given lectures on various medical ethical
themes both in the Netherlands and at international conferences and courses.
Professor Jochemsen is a member of the ethics commission of the Federation of
Associations of Patients with Congenital Diseases, and advisor of a few other
organizations in health care in the Netherlands. From 1992-1996 he was a
member of the Board of Administration of the European Association of Centres of
Medical Ethics. Currently he is an Advisory Board member of the Center for
Bioethics and Human Dignity (Trinity International University, Bannockburn,
Illinois, USA) and a member of the European Editorial Board of 'Ethics and
Medicince.' He has held the Lindeboom chair for medical ethics at the Free
University in Amsterdam since January, 1, 1998.
Since the beginning of 1996, as a board member, Professor Jochemsen has
coordinated the research at another private ethical institute, the Institute for
Culture Ethics, at Amersfoort. His is a member of the Aid Commission of the
Christian Reformed Churches in the Netherlandss. He and his wife, Maricke
Kok, have three children.
J. Richard and Dorother Shiff Chair of Jewish Studies,
University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Tenure: March, 2000 - March, 2010
David Novak is Professor of the Study of Religion at the University of Toronto,
and also Professor of Philosophy, with appointments in University College, the
Faculty of Law, the Joint Centre for Bioethics, and the Institute of Medical
Science. He is also Director of the Jewish Studies Programme. from
1989 to 1997 he was the Edgar M. Bronfman Professor of Modern Judaic Studies at
the University of Virginia. He had taught previously at Oklahoma City
University, Old Dominion University, the New School for Social Research, the
Jewish Theological Seminary of America, and the Baruch College of the City
University of New York. From 1966 to 1969 he was Jewish Chaplain to St.
Elizabeth's Hospital, National Institute of Mental Health, in Washington, D.C.
After receiving a rabbinical diploma from the Jewish Theological Seminary of
America in 1966, he served as a pulpit rabbi in several American communities
until 1989. Professor Novak is a founder, vice-president and co-ordinator
of the Panel of Inquiry on Jewish Law of the Union for Traditional Judaism.
He is also a founder of the Institute for Traditional Judaism in Teaneck, New
Jersey, where he lectures frequently. He serves as secretary-treasurer of
the Institute of Religion and Public Life in New York, and is on the editorial
board of its monthly journal, "First Things." He is a fellow of the
American Academy for Jewish Research and the Academy for Jewish Philosophy.
During the academic year 1992-93 he was a fellow of the Woodrow Wilson
International Center for Scholars in Washington, DC. In the fall of 1995
he was Distinguished Visiting Professor of Religion and Business Ethics at Drew
University. In February of the following year he delivered the
Lancaster/Yarnton Lectures in Judaism and Other Religions at Oxford University
and then at Lancaster University. He has lecture throughout North America
as well as in Israel, Europe and South Africa.
The author of eleven books and the editor of three, David Novak's articles
appeared in numerous scholarly and intellectual journals. His latest book,
Covenental Rights, (2000) is published by Princeton University Press.
The Novaks have two grown children and two grandchildren. They live in
Professor of Law, J. Reuben Clark Law
School, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, U.S.A.
Tenure: December, 1999 - February, 2018
Professor Wardle joined the faculty
of the J. Reuben Clark Law School at Brigham Young University in 1978 and has taught
Biomedical Ethics and Law, Family Law, Conflict of Laws, Origins of the
Constitution, and other subjects full-time ever since. Most of Professor
Wardle's writing relates to biomedical law, family law, and international
comparative law. He is the lead coauthor and editor of a four-volume treatise,
Contemporary Family Law (1988), the author or lead co-author of two other law books, and
more than sixty other law review articles, chapters in law books, and other scholarly and
professional publications. He has written extensively about biomedical ethical
issues, including abortion, euthanasia, and new reproductive technologies, family law,
comparative and international law, and conflict of laws. He has testified
before the Judiciary Committees or subcommittees of both the U.S. Senate and the House of
Representatives regarding various biomedical policy issues and family law issues, and also
before many state legislatures. [BYU