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Protection of Conscience Project

Service, not Servitude
About the Protection of Conscience Project

Advisory Board & Team

Dr. Shahid Athar, M.D., F.A.C.E.
Staff physician (active) Department of Medicine, St. Vincent Hospital, Indianapolis, Indiana; consultant in Endocrinology/Internal Medicine.

Dr. Athar, a U.S. citizen, was born at Patna, India. He did his medical training in Karachi, (Pakistan), Chicago, (Illinois), and at Indiana University.  From 1975 to 2006 he was he was Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine and then Clinical Associate Professor of Internal Medicine and Endocrinology, Indiana University School of Medicine.

He is a member and former a regent and former elected vice-president of the Islamic Medical Association of North America, and was Chair of its Medical Ethics Committee.  Among other associations, he is a member of the Islamic Society of North America and Christians and Muslims for Peace (CAMP).  He is on the Board of Advisors of the International Association for Sufism.

Dr. Athar's most recent awards include the Indianapolis Medical Society's Gov. Otis Bowen Community Service Award for Physicians (2002), the Laureate Award(2007), from the American College of Physicians, Indiana Chapter, and the St.Vincent Hospital Distinguished Services Award (2008) and Distinguished Physician Award (2009).

J. Budziszewski, Ph.D
Professor, Departments of Government and Philosophy, University of Texas (Austin), U.S.A.

Dr. Budziszewski is an ethical and political theorist with special interest in the natural law tradition.  He is the author of nine academic books, most recently The Line Through the Heart: Natural Law as Fact, Theory and Sign of Contradiction (2009). He has contributed numerous articles and reviews to both scholarly and popular periodicals.

Dr. Budziszewski is particularly interested in problems that arise at the intersection of philosophy and theology, for example the problem of toleration, the nature of human personhood, and the pathologies which flow from moral self-deception -- from trying to convince ourselves that we do not know what we really do. [Faculty Profile] [Scholarly Website]

Shimon Glick, MD
Professor (emeritus,active) Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel

Professor Shimon Glick was born in Brooklyn in 1932 and received his medical training in the United States, specializing in internal medicine and endocrinology. He immigrated to Israel in 1974 to become a founding member of the Faculty of Health Sciences (FOHS) at Ben Gurion University of the Negev and head of the Internal Medicine Department at Soroka Medical Center. He and his colleagues instituted the practice of "early clinical exposure," insisting that students meet patients in their first week at medical school, even before beginning traditional academic studies. "The students don't just treat patients. They talk to them and learn what it's like to be sick," he explains. Students also take their medical or Hippocratic oath when they begin their studies, rather than taking the oath when they finish.

Professor Glick became chair of Israel's first Internal Medicine Division and served as Dean of the FOHS between 1986 and 1990. During his tenure, he played a key role in formulating the admissions process for medical students - a process based not only on achievements but also the candidates' character. Professor Glick headed the Prywes Center for Medical Education and the Jakobovits Center for Jewish Medical Ethics, two domains that were assigned a central role in the professional education of students in the Faculty. He was also instrumental in the instruction on doctor-patient communications for first year medical students. In addition, Professor Glick has served as ombudsman for Israel's Ministry of Health. He is widely recognized as an expert in medical ethics, with a particular focus on Jewish medical ethics, and is at the forefront of the efforts to bring a Jewish perspective to bear on the most important issues of modern bioethics.

In 2014, in recognition of his contributions to medical education and practice, Professor Glick received a Lifetime Achievement Award as part of the Nefesh B’Nefesh Bonei Zion Awards. The award recognizes outstanding Anglo Olim – veteran and recent – who encapsulate the spirit of modern-day Zionism by contributing in a significant way towards the State of Israel.

Professor Glick is blessed with 46 grandchildren and (at last count) 77 great grandchildren.  He continues to teach at the Joyce and Irving Goldman Medical School and the Medical School for International Health (MSIH).  [Faculty Profile]

Abdulaziz Sachedina, Ph.D
Professor and Endowed IIIT Chair in Islamic Studies, Department of Religious Studies, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, U.S.A.

Dr. Sachedina is an American/Canadian citizen born in Tanzania. He has studied in India, Iraq, Iran, and Canada, and obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Toronto.  He has been conducting research and writing in the field of Islamic Law, Ethics, and Theology (Sunni and Shiite) for more than two decades.  In the last ten years he has concentrated on social and political ethics, including Interfaith and Intrafaith Relations, Islamic Biomedical Ethics and Islam and Human Rights.  Dr. Sachedina's publications include: Islamic Messianism (State University of New York, 1980); Human Rights and the Conflicts of Culture, co-authored (University of South Carolina, 1988); The Just Ruler in Shiite Islam (Oxford University Press, 1988); The Prolegomena to the Qur'an (Oxford University Press, 1998); The Islamic Roots of Democratic Pluralism (Oxford University Press, 2002);   Islam and the Challenge of Human Rights (Oxford University Press, September 2009), in addition to numerous articles in academic journals. 

The Ministry of Culture in Tehran named Dr. Sachedina's Islamic Biomedical Ethics: Theory and Application (Oxford University Press, February 2009) the best book of the year for 2010.  Reviewing the book, David Novak (author of Jewish Social Ethics) described him as "the leading Islamic thinker writing in English today," and noted "his authentic religious commitment to the truth of Islam, and his willingness to engage perspectives from other traditions."  [Faculty Profile]

Roger H. Trigg M.A., D.Phil.    
Senior Research Fellow, Ian Ramsay Centre for Science and Religion, Oxford, United Kingdom

Professor Roger Trigg did his undergraduate work and doctorate, both in philosophy,  at New College, Oxford. He then taught philosophy at the University of Warwick for many years and is now Emeritus Professor of Philosophy there.

From 2007 to 201 he directed an interdisciplinary research team in the cognitive science of religion in the University of Oxford. He is a member of the Princeton Center of Theological Inquiry, and Associate Member of the Oxford Faculty of Theology. He is Senior Research Fellow at the Ian Ramsay Centre for Science and Religion in Oxford.

Roger Trigg is the author of many books on Philosophy, particularly combating philosophical relativism in its various guises, and stressing the philosophical relevance of human nature. His two most recent books are 'Morality Matters' (Blackwell, Oxford, 2005), and 'Religion in Public Life' (Oxford University Press (2007) . He is presently completing a further book for Oxford University Press, on 'Equality, Freedom and Religion', and has in 2010 published a report for the Theos think tank in London on religious freedom called 'Free to Believe?' He has played a leading role in learned societies, including the British Society for the Philosophy of Religion (Founding President,1993-6) and the European Society for Philosophy of Religion (President, 2008-2010).

Lynn D. Wardle, J.D. 
Professor of Law,  J. Reuben Clark Law School,  Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, U.S.A.

Professor Wardle joined the faculty of  the J. Reuben Clark Law School at Brigham Young University in 1978 and has taught Biomedical Ethics and  Law, Family Law, Conflict of Laws, Origins of the Constitution, and other subjects full-time ever since.   Most of Professor Wardle's writing relates to biomedical law, family law, and international and comparative law.  He is the lead coauthor and editor of a four-volume treatise, Contemporary Family Law (1988), the author or lead co-author of two other law books, and more than sixty other law review articles, chapters in law books, and other scholarly and professional publications.  He has written extensively about biomedical ethical issues, including abortion, euthanasia, and new reproductive technologies, family law, comparative and  international law, and conflict of laws.  He has testified before the Judiciary Committees or subcommittees of both the U.S. Senate and the House of Representatives regarding various biomedical policy issues and family law issues, and also before many state legislatures. [BYU Faculty Profile]

Project Team

Human Rights Specialist
Rocco Mimmo, LLB, LLM
Chairman, Ambrose Centre for Religious Liberty,
Sydney, Australia

 Mr. Mimmo is a lawyer in private practice in Sydney, Australia.  He established the Ambrose Centre for Religious Liberty in 2006 and publicly launched the Centre in 2009 in Sydney. He has been involved in social action throughout his adult life. In conjunction with others, he has attempted to influence the thrust of legislation adversely affecting the essential values associated around embryonic stem cell research, life, marriage and family. He has a Masters in International Law and has played a leading role in human rights debates. He is an Honorary Fellow of Campion College in Sydney which is the only Liberal Arts Tertiary Institution in Australia. [Ambrose Centre for Religious Liberty]

Sean Murphy,
Powell River, British Columbia, Canada

Sean Murphy has been convinced of the need for protection of conscience legislation since 1988.  He has raised the issue with the Canadian federal government, as well as political parties and the provincial government in British Columbia.


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