The right of conscientious objection shall be
permitted in such circumstances as are determined by
statute, to the extent that the rights and freedoms
of others are not affected.
Healthcare workers and auxiliary health staff
shall perform health services in accordance with
approved healthcare doctrine and with a code of
medical deontology practice, and/or with other
professional and ethical codes of practice. In
performing their work they must treat all people
under the same conditions in the same manner and
respect their constitutional and legal rights. The
sole criterion of priority shall be the urgency of
Healthcare workers may reject a medical
intervention if they believe that it is not in
accordance with their conscience and with
international rules of medical ethics. Healthcare
workers must notify the healthcare institute of
their conscientious objections. Healthcare
institutes must take these into consideration, but
must ensure that patients' healthcare rights are
exercised without disruption. Healthcare workers may
not refuse to provide emergency medical assistance.
In pursuing their profession physicians shall,
within the limits of their professional
capabilities, be fully independent and shall
answerable to their own consciences, to their
patients and to society for their work.
Physicians may not refuse to provide emergency
medical assistance appropriate to their professional
capabilities, irrespective of whether it is their
work duty and whether they have been expressly asked
for assistance. . .
Physicians shall be obliged to pursue their
profession responsibly, professionally,
conscientiously and precisely for every patient,
irrespective of race, sex, ethnicity, religious
persuasion, political convictions, and
socio-economic position and irrespective of their
personal relationship with the patient or the family
Physicians shall be free to choose methods and means
of treatment, whereby they shall be obliged to
consistently take into consideration the
achievements of medical science and the principles
of professional behaviour.
Physicians shall be obliged to reject any
intervention that according to their professional
convictions and conscience could be unethical or
harmful to the patient.
Physicians shall apply and respect the principle
of freedom of choice of physician and healthcare
institute. They shall therefore endeavour to
implement this right of patients.
Physicians may refuse to carry out an abortion or
sterilisation if it is not in accordance with their
beliefs and conscience and it is not a case of
emergency medical assistance. They shall be obliged
to refer the patient to another capable physician,
or must inform the healthcare institute of their
refusal in order to ensure the execution of such
interventions in accordance with the law.
Protection of Conscience Laws